A Peek Behind the Curtain: 6 Challenges Cozy Mysteries Present for Writers

by Kassandra Lamb

Not all of us started out as cozy writers, but now all of the misterio press authors have written at least some cozies.

I first stuck my toe in the cozy pond with my Kate on Vacation series that parallels my regular Kate Huntington series. (I have a new release! See below.) This started out as a fun way to give my readers a light Kate snack while they were waiting (sometimes not all that patiently) for me to finish the next full-length novel/meal.

What I discovered was that I really enjoy writing cozies. They’re fun!

But there are some challenges involved when one switches over from writing regular mysteries (which I’m still doing) to writing cozies.

Here are 6 differences between this subgenre and the main genre of mysteries, and the challenges cozies pose for authors.

1. The main character is an amateur sleuth.

This may also be the case in regular mysteries, but it’s a requirement in cozies. No police officers or private investigators allowed, except as significant others and/or secondary characters. But the amateur sleuth has to do the bulk of the sleuthing, or at least has to figure out whodunnit around the same time as law enforcement does.

magnifiying glass on antique desk

photo by Stéphane Magnenat CC-BY-SA 4.0 International, Wikimeida Commons

The challenge here is coming up with plausible reasons why an average citizen would keep stumbling over corpses. In police procedurals or private detective stories, this is not a problem.

And there has to be a good reason why the amateur sleuth gets and stays involved in crime investigations, even when the local law enforcement folks are often telling him/her to butt out.

The stakes have to be high for the main character personally.

2. Something – the setting, the main character’s vocation, etc. – is out of the ordinary.

Cozy readers want a peek into places and activities that they themselves might have never experienced. So the settings may be small towns or exotic locations, and the characters may knit, or give dance lessons, or train dogs for a living.

There are a lot of cozies that involve food, in which the main character owns a restaurant or is a caterer or writes a baking blog. But something has to be unusual, in a way that makes the story more fun and interesting.

Maui beach

A beach on Maui (photo from our Hawaii vacation last fall)

For my Kate on Vacation novellas, this means going to the interesting places I will have Kate visit, so that I can include a lot of local color in the story and get the details right (it’s a tough job and all that 😀 ).

For my new cozy series, the Marcia Banks and Buddy mysteries, it was a little more challenging. I had to invent a small town and give it an odd-ball history.

Fortunately, in Florida, that’s not hard to do. It’s a bit of an oddball state. I created a now-defunct tourist trap, an alligator farm, and the town that sprang up around it, which is now struggling to avoid ghost-town status.

3. At least some of the secondary characters are quirky.

cafe with coffee cup on the roof

Wouldn’t this make a great setting for a cozy? (photo by beige photos CC-BY 2.0, Wikimedia Commons)

So I had to populate Mayfair, Florida, with some unusual neighbors, like the eccentric elderly owner of the Mayfair Motel. And with each book, I have to come up with new ways to develop their quirkiness and yet not make them totally unbelievable. I’m finding this challenging but also fun.

In my new Kate on Vacation book, I didn’t have to invent a quirky character. Instead I borrowed one from JoAnn Bassett, our author emeritus (with her permission, of course). Her protagonist, Pali Moon isn’t that much of an oddball–just a little bit of one–but she definitely has a penchant for ending up in oddball situations.

4. Crimes happen, usually murder, but minimal on-screen violence and no gory descriptions.

I’m fine with this. Despite the fact that I write crime fiction, I’m a pacifist at heart, so I’m just as happy to have most of the violence happen off-screen. The challenge comes with the final confrontation scene that is a requirement in the mystery genre, including cozies. The protagonist and/or someone near and dear has to be in jeopardy, and usually comes face to face with the bad guy(s) or gal(s).

One needs to make this scene scary and exciting without too much gore and with no one actually dropping dead in front of the protagonist’s (and reader’s) eyes.

5. Sex is off-screen.

You can elude to it, but nothing more than a few fully-clothed, preliminary kisses are allowed on screen.

This is my one major regret with writing cozies. Because I can do a wicked sex scene!

6. No cursing.

Nothing stronger than a “darn” or “heck.” I usually avoid cursing as much as I can in my books anyway, because I know it’s a turn off for some readers, but I am also trying to write realistic characters.

It can be hard to come up with ways for characters to express strong emotions without cursing (’cause after all, bad things are happening) and without sounding totally dorky.

The work-around in my new series was that my main character, Marcia Banks, comes from a religious family–her father was an Episcopal priest (and yes, they marry and have kids).

With the Kate on Vacation stories, this is tougher, because she does cuss some in the main series. So in these cozy stories, I sometimes have her not finishing a sentence:

“What the…” Kate trailed off, shocked speechless for once.

How about you? Which do you prefer to read, regular mysteries or cozies? Or some of both? Mystery writers, have you written cozies? What did you find most challenging about them?

book cover

Missing on Maui, A Kate on Vacation Mystery, #4

It’s an awkward situation at best, and a deadly one at worst.

Days before Kate Huntington is scheduled to leave for her niece’s wedding on Maui, she receives a frantic call from said niece. Amy’s mother–Kate’s rather difficult sister-in-law–is at it again, alienating the groom’s family and even the wedding planner. Can Aunt Kate come early and run interference?

Soon after her arrival, Kate discovers that young women are going missing on the island, and Amy’s maid of honor is hanging out with a notorious local player. Is he involved in the disappearances?

Hawaii is supposed to be a relaxing paradise, but Aunt Kate is kept busy locating a new wedding planner (the delightful Pali Moon), refereeing between Amy and her mother, and chasing down errant wedding party members… Oh, and facing off with a psychopath.

Just $0.99 for a limited time on…


Posted by Kassandra Lamb. Kassandra is a retired psychotherapist turned mystery writer. She is the author of the Kate Huntington psychological suspense series, set in her native Maryland, and a new series, the Marcia Banks and Buddy cozy mysteries, set in Central Florida.

We blog here at misterio press once (sometimes twice) a week, usually on Tuesdays. Sometimes we talk about serious topics, and sometimes we just have some fun.

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  • Reply
    Barbara Taub
    June 14, 2016 at 5:52 am

    GREAT post! I’ve always aspired to cozyness, but alas! #6 makes it highly unlikely I’ll ever make it. (I do so want to go on vacation with Kate Huntington, though. But with my luck, it would be my dead body she stumbles over…)

    • Reply
      Kassandra Lamb
      June 14, 2016 at 11:10 am

      LOL I may write you into the next Kate on Vacation story, Barb. You and Kate would be an awesome team!

      #6 is tough, and I do miss the sex scenes.

  • Reply
    Shannon Esposito
    June 14, 2016 at 11:56 am

    I think #5 is the reason I write cozies lol! Just kidding but I really do admire people who can write a sex scene without making it cringe-worthy or just leaving an extra leg or arm in the scene. 🙂

  • Reply
    Kassandra Lamb
    June 14, 2016 at 12:19 pm

    LOL I hope my sex scenes aren’t cringe-worthy. I’ve never gotten any comments from readers about them, one way or the other. My criteria for a good sex scene I’m writing is that I myself feel a little in love with the guy when the scene is over. 🙂

  • Reply
    K.B. Owen
    June 14, 2016 at 1:01 pm

    I think I write cozies because I like to avoid sex and violence. Violence because there’s enough of it in the world, and sex because I don’t think I could write a good sex scene! I’d probably be blushing and giggling the whole time…

    Fab post, Kass! Congrats on the new release! So cool.

  • Reply
    Kassandra Lamb
    June 14, 2016 at 2:59 pm

    Thanks, Kathy! I do blush a lot when I’m writing the sex scenes in the regular mysteries, but nobody can see me. 🙂

  • Reply
    nancy reynolds
    June 14, 2016 at 3:59 pm

    Loved this insight into the differences between “hard core” mystery and “cozy”! I love both kinds of mysteries – but the “coziness” of the cozy can sooth the soul. ALL of your books make me happy. Thanks for this wonderful explanation!

    • Reply
      Kassandra Lamb
      June 14, 2016 at 4:52 pm

      You’re welcome, Nancy! As a reader, I like cozies as “palate-cleansers” between more “hardcore” mysteries as you call them. The latter can be pretty intense and sometimes downright dark, so a lighter “cozy” read goes down well after one or two of them.

      And I’m so enjoying writing the new cozy series. It’s fun to see what Marcia Banks and Buddy are up to next.

  • Reply
    Vinnie Hansen
    June 16, 2016 at 11:59 am

    Although I read quite a few cozies, my reading taste runs toward grittier stuff. The start of my series is on the edge of the cozy genre because it contains some bad language. Right from the start my heroine wanted to escape the confines of the genre, so Carol Sabala eventually slides over the edge into full-scale PI fiction.

    • Reply
      Kassandra Lamb
      June 16, 2016 at 12:15 pm

      🙂 Marcia Banks is already chafing at the bit there too, Vinnie. In Book 4 in the series (still an idea percolating in my brain), she actually takes money to investigate something, but her cop boyfriend raises h-e-double hockey sticks with her for it. (That not cussing thing really is restrictive…lol)

  • Reply
    Vinnie Hansen
    June 16, 2016 at 1:27 pm

    P.S. I’m envious of anyone who finds writing sex scenes easy!!!!!

    • Reply
      Kassandra Lamb
      June 16, 2016 at 5:36 pm

      Did I say they were easy? Let me clarify. They’re not. But I still miss them. *sigh*

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