Like Detective Fiction? Thank the Metropolitan Police Act

By K.B. Owen

Ever wonder how the police came into existence?  We certainly wouldn’t have any detective fiction without them.

Although each country has its own history in that regard, the formation of the police force in England was what led to the birth of detective fiction as we know it.

Here’s where it all started:

The Metropolitan Police Act of 1829

Manchester Police, 1880s, from

Sir Robert Peel, Home Secretary in the British Cabinet and a Tory, brought about a number of reforms in the area of criminal law and the gaol system, but it was the Metropolitan Police Act in 1829 that was most far-reaching and controversial at the time.  For the first time in Britain’s history, the Act established an organized police force in London, with 17 divisions of 4 inspectors each, its central base at Scotland Yard, under the purview of the Home Secretary.  (The Detective division was formed in 1842).

The early names for these policemen – “Bobbies” and “Peelers” – derived from the man who passed the reform.  They carried truncheons as their only protection, and dressed in blue uniforms (similar to the color of the Royal Navy uniform) with long tail coats and top hats ( says that the top hats came in handy as stepping stools for policmen to stand on and look over walls).

However, the idea of a government-instituted police force made people nervous.  It was an alien concept, in an age of  Bow Street Runners and local constables (poorly-paid and barely trained), hired individually by each town, walking a beat.  What if the government started using this new police force to get rid of its political enemies, or to spy on honest citizens?

But people also knew that their options were few.  The Industrial Revolution was crowding London quickly, and with more people came more crime.  Constables were notoriously unreliable, preferring to drink in a sheltered corner on a cold night, go to sleep, or visit a prostitute.  Even if every constable was reliable, there still weren’t enough of them.

Although it took a while for the general population to accept police (who were often jeered in public), the police force worked well in suppressing riots and bringing down crime in the areas they were allowed to go, driving crime, in a way, out into the neighboring boroughs, which experienced an increase (later Municipal Acts were instituted to address this problem).

One significant black eye for the police, however, came in 1888: Jack the Ripper. But that’s another post.

Punch cartoon by John Tenniel, Sept 22, 1888. Wikimedia Commons.

Want more info?

Text of the 1829 Act

Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 (Wikipedia)

History of the Metropolitan Police

Crime, Punishment, and Protest Through Time, c. 1450-2004

The Metropolitan Police

So, who’s your favorite detective? Do you prefer your protag to be an amateur or a professional, private eye or cop? I’d love to hear from you!


About K.B. Owen:

K profile pic 2014K.B. Owen taught college English at universities in Connecticut and Washington, DC and holds a doctorate in 19th century British literature.  A long-time mystery lover, she drew upon her teaching experiences to create her amateur sleuth, Professor Concordia Wells.

K.B. currently lives in Virginia with her husband and sons, and is busily planning the lady professor’s next adventure.


Check out the latest Concordia Wells adventure!

cover art by Melinda VanLone

cover art by Melinda VanLone

A deadly secret that won’t stay buried…

It is the fall of 1896, and Miss Concordia Wells is hip-deep in the usual tumult of a lady professor’s life: classes, clubs, student pranks, and the unending drama generated by the girls she lives with on campus.  Complicating this normality is the new Lady Principal, whom the students have nicknamed “the Ogre.”  The woman seems bent on making Concordia’s life miserable.

And then there’s the exotic spirit medium, Madame Durand, who has befriended Concordia’s mother and has started a “Spirit Club” on campus.  Madame’s prognostications of doom are at first only mildly irritating – until events take a sobering turn.  An ancient Egyptian amulet donated to the college mysteriously disappears, the donor is found murdered, and his daughter – Concordia’s best friend – confesses to killing him.

Desperate for answers, Concordia unravels a 20-year-old secret, closely guarded by men now dead.  But such secrets can be dangerous for the daughters left behind, including Concordia herself.  Can she make sense of the mystery that has bound together their fates, before it’s too late?

Where to buy Unseemly Pursuits:


Barnes and Noble




Ready for an “unseemly” giveaway?

SwagKitDuring K.B.’s Unseemly Pursuits book tour, which goes through the first week of March, there’s a giveaway at each blog stop (including here!).  The winner, randomly drawn from the commenters at each stop, will get a free ebook copy of Unseemly Pursuits.  At the end of the tour, she’ll hold another random drawing from among the ebook winners for the final prize: a special Concordia Wells series swag package! It includes customized mug, keychain, JellyBelly mini-tin, and signed paperback copies of the first two mysteries: Dangerous and Unseemly and Unseemly Pursuits. You can read, sip your coffee, and snack on candy in unseemly style. Check the sidebar on the home page of for the full tour schedule and other info.


We blog here at misterio press once (sometimes twice) a week,  usually on Tuesdays. Sometimes we talk about serious topics, and sometimes we just have some fun.

Please follow us so you don’t miss out on any of the interesting stuff, or the fun! (We do not harvest, lend, sell or otherwise bend, spindle or mutilate followers’ e-mail addresses.)

You Might Also Like


  • Reply
    There’d be no detective fiction without detectives…
    March 6, 2014 at 1:46 pm

    […] Click here to read more about it. Remember, commenters at the host sites are automatically entered in a random drawing for a free ebook, as well as for the grand prize, pictured below: […]

  • Reply
    Kassandra Lamb
    March 6, 2014 at 2:40 pm

    This is fascinating, Kathy. I love learning the history behind things!

    As to my favorite detective, I would be very hard pressed to name just one. There are so many great ones. I’ve been watching Columbo and Kojak re-runs lately. I love both of them. “Who loves ya, baby?”

    • Reply
      K.B. Owen
      March 6, 2014 at 4:14 pm

      Wow…Kojak, huh? For a while I was pretty taken with Remington Steele as tv detectives go, but that’s just because I had a thing for Pierce Brosnan. He’s way prettier than Kojak. 😉

  • Reply
    March 6, 2014 at 7:48 pm

    I like to read about private eyes, but cop stories are good, too – if they’re accurate. I don’t want a cop to just do any ole thing because he’s a cop.

    A good detective story can really be about anyone, so long as it’s captivating and the characters are interesting. A little quirky is okay, but they have to be believable. I’m all about being able to actually buy into the story.

    Good stuff about the bobbies.

    Patricia Rickrode
    w/a Jansen Schmidt

    • Reply
      K.B. Owen
      March 6, 2014 at 8:13 pm

      Hi Patricia! I think that’s a great rule of thumb in general, too. I see your point about quirky…sometimes an author gets kinda carried away in that regard. 😉

  • Reply
    Sinistra Inksteyne
    March 7, 2014 at 3:11 am

    I like the amateurs, myself, perhaps because police work is so often team work, which doesn’t always work as well in novels (although Ngaio Marsh did pretty well with DI Alleyn & co).
    Generally speaking, I’m a big fan of the little old ladies with their knitting and their shrewd eyes…

    • Reply
      K.B. Owen
      March 7, 2014 at 2:32 pm

      Gotta watch out for those old ladies with knitting needles, LOL. I love the amateurs, too, Sinistra!

  • Reply
    Rhonda Hopkins
    March 7, 2014 at 9:51 am

    Interesting, Kathy! I always enjoy learning the history of things. As for detectives, I also like Columbo and Kojak, among many others. And one of my favorite literary detectives is Eve Dallas from JD Robb’s (Nora Roberts) In Death series.

    • Reply
      K.B. Owen
      March 7, 2014 at 2:33 pm

      I’ll have to look into that character! Thanks Rhonda!

    Leave a Reply

    This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.